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中国应加快制定推动数字经济企业全球化的政策法规

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年12月13日 05:36:35
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龙虎平台总代理平台直招龙虎代理客服QQ/微信【421618535】诚招代理【在线开户网址um996.com】龙虎和龙虎1赔2.211合1赔9.95,定位胆1赔9.95腾讯分分彩,5分,10分彩,最高返水100反9快,最高赔率,正规信誉大平台平台24h提供注册及登录。中国应加快制定推动数字经济企业全球化的政策法规

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(原)(标)(题)(:勿)(学)(GDPR中)(国)(应)(加)(快)(制)(定)(推)(动)(数)(字)(经)(济)(企)(业)(全)(球)(化)(的)(政)(策)(法)(规)(
GDPR出)(台)(之)(后)(,对)(互)(联)(网)(企)(业)(的)(全)(球)(化)(进)(程)(有)(比)(较)(大)(的)(影)(响)(,同)(时)(对)(从)(事)(数)(字)(经)(济)(领)(域)(创)(新)(的)(中)(小)(企)(业)(影)(响)(更)(大)(,大)(幅)(地)(增)(加)(他)(们)(的)(合)(规)(成)(本)(。比)(如)(说)(法)(律)(适)(用)(域)(外)(的)(权)(力)(,明)(显)(对)(中)(国)(的)(互)(联)(网)(服)(务)(和)(跨)(境)(电)(子)(商)(务)(有)(影)(响)(。虽)(然)(在)(互)(联)(网)(领)(域)(,美)(国)(在)(欧)(洲)(的)(利)(益)(更)(大)(,但)(是)(中)(国)(从)(事)(跨)(境)(电)(商)(的)(平)(台)(和)(中)(小)(企)(业)(都)(面)(临)(GDPR合)(规)(的)(挑)(战)(。值)(得)(关)(注)(的)(是)(,除)(了)(合)(规)(成)(本)(加)(大)(之)(外)(,更)(关)(键)(的)(未)(来)(还)(存)(在)(潜)(在)(的)(不)(可)(控)(的)(风)(险)(,也)(就)(是)(执)(法)(的)(不)(确)(定)(性)(可)(能)(会)(成)(为)(大)(问)(题)(。
在)(数)(字)(经)(济)(领)(域)(,数)(据)(是)(商)(业)(价)(值)(创)(造)(的)(主)(要)(来)(源)(,互)(联)(网)(产)(业)(的)(快)(速)(发)(展)(主)(要)(是)(依)(靠)(数)(据)(,只)(有)(这)(样)(才)(能)(够)(给)(客)(户)(提)(供)(更)(好)(的)(服)(务)(。数)(据)(给)(商)(业)(模)(式)(创)(新)(带)(来)(了)(机)(会)(,包)(括)(在)(提)(升)(市)(场)(效)(率)(和)(服)(务)(水)(平)(等)(方)(面)(,未)(来)(商)(业)(创)(新)(都)(离)(不)(开)(个)(人)(数)(据)(。
欧)(盟)(GDPR的)(规)(定)(中)(对)(于)(数)(据)(主)(体)(的)(各)(种)(权)(利)(以)(及)(惩)(罚)(措)(施)(过)(于)(严)(格)(。不)(只)(是)(其)(他)(国)(家)(的)(企)(业)(,即)(使)(是)(欧)(盟)(企)(业)(对)(之)(并)(不)(乐)(观)(。特)(别)(是)(欧)(盟)(的)(中)(小)(企)(业)(在)(这)(方)(面)(抱)(怨)(很)(大)(,合)(规)(成)(本)(的)(上)(升)(导)(致)(生)(存)(和)(创)(新)(都)(成)(问)(题)(。
个)(人)(数)(据)(保)(护)(法)(规)(已)(经)(成)(为)(核)(心)(商)(业)(规)(则)(。因)(为)(毕)(竟)(每)(个)(人)(都)(有)(自)(己)(的)(权)(利)(,特)(别)(是)(存)(在)(数)(据)(泄)(露)(和)(数)(据)(被)(滥)(用)(的)(情)(况)(。我)(们)(需)(要)(去)(平)(衡)(发)(展)(、利)(用)(数)(据)(和)(有)(效)(的)(保)(护)(个)(人)(的)(权)(利)(不)(被)(遭)(受)(到)(侵)(害)(。工)(业)(时)(代)(的)(价)(值)(创)(造)(来)(源)(于)(技)(术)(创)(新)(,其)(中)(知)(识)(产)(权)(的)(保)(护)(起)(到)(重)(要)(作)(用)(。但)(是)(知)(识)(产)(权)(的)(保)(护)(不)(是)(抑)(制)(技)(术)(创)(新)(,保)(护)(的)(根)(本)(目)(的)(是)(为)(了)(能)(够)(产)(生)(更)(多)(的)(新)(技)(术)(,使)(得)(技)(术)(被)(广)(泛)(地)(采)(纳)(和)(应)(用)(。所)(以)(我)(认)(为)(个)(人)(数)(据)(保)(护)(的)(法)(规)(,是)(在)(数)(字)(经)(济)(发)(展)(的)(背)(景)(下)(,跟)(工)(业)(时)(代)(有)(关)(知)(识)(产)(权)(保)(护)(的)(立)(法)(原)(则)(相)(辅)(相)(成)(,或)(者)(一)(脉)(相)(承)(。因)(此)(,建)(议)(数)(字)(经)(济)(立)(法)(的)(宗)(旨)(并)(不)(是)(说)(让)(大)(家)(都)(不)(要)(给)(出)(数)(据)(,让)(大)(家)(都)(在)(数)(据)(方)(面)(、应)(用)(方)(面)(受)(到)(很)(多)(的)(阻)(碍)(,目)(标)(实)(际)(上)(是)(把)(数)(据)(用)(好)(,与)(此)(同)(时)(来)(保)(护)(好)(个)(人)(的)(权)(利)(。
美)(国)(偏)(行)(业)(自)(律)(欧)(盟)(推)(崇)(严)(苛)(的)(法)(律)(
在)(美)(国)(和)(欧)(盟)(之)(间)(,这)(几)(年)(在)(数)(据)(保)(护)(方)(面)(存)(在)(一)(些)(分)(歧)(。美)(国)(推)(出)(APEC的)(跨)(境)(数)(据)(隐)(私)(保)(护)(规)(则)((CBPR),跟)(欧)(洲)(一)(直)(在)(谈)(判)(,从)(当)(时)(的)(安)(全)(港)(协)(议)(到)(现)(在)(的)(隐)(私)(盾)(协)(议)(,美)(国)(政)(府)(在)(帮)(助)(企)(业)(做)(到)(行)(业)(的)(自)(律)(规)(则)(,利)(用)(这)(个)(规)(则)(能)(够)(跟)(欧)(盟)(法)(律)(进)(行)(对)(接)(,以)(便)(为)(互)(联)(网)(企)(业)(找)(到)(应)(对)(欧)(盟)(法)(律)(合)(规)(的)(途)(径)(。美)(国)(的)(法)(律)(在)(数)(据)(隐)(私)(方)(面)(有)(很)(多)(的)(判)(例)(,这)(些)(判)(例)(可)(以)(维)(护)(美)(国)(个)(人)(在)(隐)(私)(方)(面)(的)(权)(利)(。但)(是)(与)(此)(同)(时)(,在)(跨)(境)(领)(域)(,特)(别)(在)(跨)(境)(电)(商)(和)(互)(联)(网)(服)(务)(领)(域)(,美)(国)(强)(调)(的)(就)(是)(行)(业)(自)(律)(的)(规)(则)(。相)(对)(来)(讲)(,欧)(盟)(通)(过)(出)(台)(相)(应)(的)(比)(较)(严)(苛)(的)(法)(律)(,特)(别)(是)(增)(强)(域)(外)(管)(辖)(权)(来)(实)(现)(对)(个)(人)(数)(据)(的)(保)(护)(。
在)(互)(联)(网)(产)(业)(领)(域)(,中)(国)(和)(美)(国)(在)(全)(世)(界)(走)(得)(比)(较)(靠)(前)(,这)(是)(大)(家)(有)(目)(共)(睹)(的)(。美)(国)(自)(从)(有)(了)(网)(络)(,就)(在)(商)(业)(创)(新)(和)(信)(息)(应)(用)(方)(面)(走)(在)(前)(面)(,包)(括)(个)(人)(信)(息)(应)(用)(,比)(如)(20年)(前)(我)(在)(美)(国)(曾)(经)(参)(加)(过)(一)(次)(美)(国)(十)(年)(人)(口)(统)(计)(数)(据)(的)(应)(用)(的)(研)(讨)(会)(,当)(时)(就)(很)(惊)(讶)(,美)(国)(的)(数)(据)(应)(用)(在)(创)(新)(方)(面)(走)(得)(很)(超)(前)(。而)(这)(些)(数)(据)(应)(用)(给)(社)(会)(创)(造)(了)(独)(特)(价)(值)(,对)(经)(济)(和)(政)(治)(方)(面)(都)(有)(积)(极)(影)(响)(。
进)(入)(到)(互)(联)(网)(时)(代)(之)(后)(,我)(们)(消)(费)(者)(有)(机)(会)(轻)(松)(享)(用)(各)(种)(服)(务)(的)(背)(后)(其)(实)(是)(数)(据)(的)(流)(动)(。很)(多)(研)(究)(证)(明)(,互)(联)(网)(数)(据)(没)(有)(得)(到)(很)(好)(的)(保)(护)(,或)(者)(说)(数)(据)(泄)(露)(、黑)(客)(攻)(击)(的)(问)(题)(,大)(多)(数)(都)(出)(于)(企)(业)(管)(理)(不)(善)(或)(技)(术)(薄)(弱)(。当)(然)(其)(中)(还)(有)(很)(多)(组)(织)(和)(制)(度)(的)(问)(题)(,造)(成)(漏)(洞)(被)(黑)(客)(利)(用)(。因)(此)(,数)(字)(经)(济)(立)(法)(的)(宗)(旨)(实)(际)(是)(基)(于)(对)(数)(据)(泄)(露)(或)(滥)(用)(问)(题)(的)(解)(决)(和)(震)(慑)(,而)(不)(是)(为)(了)(使)(得)(数)(据)(应)(用)(、转)(移)(、处)(理)(和)(共)(享)(设)(置)(过)(高)(门)(槛)(。欧)(盟)(最)(近)(也)(在)(强)(调)(数)(据)(共)(享)(的)(问)(题)(,可)(能)(担)(心)(GDPR让)(企)(业)(不)(敢)(进)(行)(数)(据)(共)(享)(。我)(们)(所)(处)(的)(快)(速)(发)(展)(的)(互)(联)(网)(时)(代)(,互)(联)(网)(企)(业)(通)(过)(收)(集)(、处)(理)(个)(人)(数)(据)(来)(帮)(助)(我)(们)(改)(进)(个)(人)(福)(利)(和)(我)(们)(的)(社)(会)(管)(理)(能)(力)(,为)(个)(人)(提)(供)(更)(好)(的)(服)(务)(。因)(此)(,法)(律)(上)(保)(护)(数)(据)(隐)(私)(的)(底)(线)(是)(数)(据)(主)(体)(是)(否)(遭)(受)(到)(侵)(害)(。
建)(议)(数)(字)(经)(济)(法)(律)(制)(度)(设)(计)(要)(服)(务)(于)(中)(国)(企)(业)(的)(全)(球)(化)(
关)(于)(数)(字)(经)(济)(法)(律)(制)(度)(,建)(议)(政)(府)(部)(门)(有)(三)(个)(层)(次)(的)(考)(虑)(,首)(先)(,建)(议)(我)(们)(国)(家)(有)(需)(要)(一)(个)(权)(威)(的)(机)(构)(或)(部)(门)(进)(行)(数)(据)(相)(关)(问)(题)(的)(监)(管)(与)(协)(调)(,包)(括)(参)(与)(国)(际)(上)(的)(问)(题)(沟)(通)(;第)(二)(,参)(考)(美)(国)(推)(广)(行)(业)(自)(律)(的)(规)(则)(,完)(善)(问)(责)(机)(构)(与)(认)(证)(制)(度)(,采)(用)(生)(态)(治)(理)(的)(方)(式)(,比)(如)(美)(国)(推)(出)(的)(APEC跨)(境)(数)(据)(隐)(私)(保)(护)(,就)(是)(在)(行)(业)(自)(律)(层)(面)(做)(文)(章)(,通)(过)(行)(业)(认)(可)(的)(标)(准)(,来)(减)(少)(数)(据)(管)(理)(当)(中)(的)(漏)(洞)(,让)(企)(业)(自)(觉)(地)(提)(升)(它)(的)(数)(据)(管)(理)(水)(平)(。
第)(三)(点)(,更)(为)(重)(要)(的)(是)(制)(定)(国)(家)(政)(策)(法)(规)(的)(未)(来)(原)(则)(应)(该)(为)(互)(联)(网)(行)(业)(提)(供)(更)(好)(的)(服)(务)(,能)(够)(为)(跨)(境)(电)(商)(企)(业)(为)(代)(表)(的)(中)(国)(企)(业)(全)(球)(化)(发)(展)(创)(造)(良)(好)(的)(条)(件)(。明)(确)(跨)(境)(数)(据)(流)(动)(的)(基)(本)(原)(则)(,让)(信)(息)(能)(够)(更)(充)(分)(的)(流)(动)(为)(前)(提)(,毕)(竟)(互)(联)(网)(产)(业)(的)(国)(际)(化)(发)(展)(需)(要)(这)(样)(的)(环)(境)(,需)(要)(合)(理)(合)(法)(合)(规)(的)(原)(则)(。
另)(外)(,我)(们)(需)(要)(建)(立)(企)(业)(管)(理)(、行)(业)(自)(律)(、政)(府)(监)(管)(的)(分)(层)(治)(理)(制)(度)(,这)(样)(就)(可)(以)(跟)(国)(外)(政)(府)(或)(对)(等)(机)(构)(开)(展)(商)(谈)(。美)(国)(和)(欧)(盟)(之)(间)(在)(个)(人)(数)(据)(保)(护)(、跨)(境)(数)(据)(的)(流)(动)(方)(面)(,采)(取)(了)(不)(同)(的)(态)(度)(。我)(们)(看)(到)(,美)(国)(互)(联)(网)(产)(业)(的)(发)(展)(全)(球)(领)(先)(,美)(国)(行)(业)(自)(律)(的)(标)(准)(在)(数)(据)(保)(护)(中)(起)(到)(了)(重)(要)(作)(用)(,而)(欧)(盟)(迄)(今)(为)(止)(缺)(少)(互)(联)(网)(领)(域)(的)(领)(军)(企)(业)(。中)(国)(可)(以)(考)(虑)(跟)(互)(联)(网)(发)(展)(比)(较)(靠)(前)(的)(美)(国)(联)(手)(,借)(鉴)(美)(国)(的)(经)(验)(和)(制)(度)(,需)(要)(制)(定)(行)(业)(所)(认)(同)(的)(数)(据)(保)(护)(的)(标)(准)(和)(规)(则)(。
总)(起)(来)(看)(,我)(们)(国)(家)(数)(字)(经)(济)(立)(法)(方)(向)(需)(要)(从)(发)(展)(互)(联)(网)(产)(业)(和)(促)(进)(创)(新)(的)(角)(度)(,不)(必)(要)(去)(照)(搬)(欧)(盟)(的)(做)(法)(,而)(是)(应)(该)(探)(讨)(真)(正)(促)(进)(中)(国)(互)(联)(网)(企)(业)(全)(球)(化)(进)(程)(的)(数)(据)(保)(护)(新)(制)(度)(,同)(时)(用)(数)(据)(治)(理)(的)(规)(则)(或)(标)(准)(规)(范)(帮)(助)(企)(业)(提)(升)(数)(据)(隐)(私)(的)(技)(术)(和)(管)(理)(水)(平)(,同)(时)(积)(极)(参)(与)(制)(定)(跨)(境)(数)(据)(的)(共)(享)(传)(输)(的)(标)(准)(、规)(则)(,比)(如)(与)(一)(带)(一)(路)(国)(家)(共)(同)(设)(计)(可)(行)(的)(跨)(境)(数)(据)(流)(动)(的)(双)(边)(或)(多)(边)(规)(则)(。(对)(外)(经)(济)(贸)(易)(大)(学)(教)(授)(王)(健)()返)(回)(搜)(狐)(,查)(看)(更)(多)(
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