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西藏日喀则——带你走进醉美的扎什伦布寺

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年08月23日 04:37:42
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(  南)(方)(网)(讯)((记)(者)(:胡)(曼)(筠)()清)(晨)(,从)(拉)(萨)(沿)(青)(藏)(铁)(路)(乘)(坐)(3个)(小)(时)(火)(车)(抵)(达)(日)(喀)(则)(,“全)(国)(网)(络)(媒)(体)(西)(藏)(行)(”的)(记)(者)(们)(一)(行)(前)(往)(了)(扎)(什)(伦)(布)(寺)(,只)(为)(一)(睹)(它)(的)(容)(颜)(。
  扎)(什)(伦)(布)(寺)(位)(于)(西)(藏)(日)(喀)(则)(的)(尼)(色)(日)(山)(下)(,是)(日)(喀)(则)(地)(区)(最)(大)(的)(寺)(庙)(,也)(是)(后)(藏)(地)(区)(的)(宗)(教)(文)(化)(中)(心)(,与)(前)(藏)(地)(区)(的)(大)(昭)(寺)(遥)(相)(呼)(应)(。藏)(语)(里)(,扎)(什)(伦)(布)(就)(是)(“吉)(祥)(须)(弥)(”的)(意)(思)(,扎)(什)(伦)(布)(寺)(建)(于)(明)(代)(的)(1447年)(,由)(格)(鲁)(派)(创)(始)(人)(宗)(喀)(巴)(的)(弟)(子)(,后)(被)(追)(认)(为)(一)(世)(达)(赖)(喇)(嘛)(的)(根)(敦)(珠)(巴)(取)(名)(并)(主)(持)(兴)(建)(,后)(由)(四)(世)(班)(禅)(罗)(桑)(却)(吉)(坚)(赞)(加)(以)(扩)(建)(。自)(四)(世)(班)(禅)(担)(任)(主)(持)(后)(,这)(里)(就)(成)(为)(了)(历)(代)(班)(禅)(大)(师)(的)(“驻)(锡)(地)(”(僧)(人)(出)(行)(,以)(锡)(杖)(自)(随)(,因)(称)(僧)(人)(住)(址)(为)(驻)(锡)()。扎)(什)(伦)(布)(寺)(与)(拉)(萨)(的)(“三)(大)(寺)(”甘)(丹)(寺)(、色)(拉)(寺)(、哲)(蚌)(寺)(,以)(及)(青)(海)(的)(塔)(尔)(寺)(和)(甘)(肃)(的)(拉)(卜)(楞)(寺)(并)(列)(为)(格)(鲁)(派)(的)(“六)(大)(寺)(”。
  据)(寺)(庙)(内)(的)(导)(游)(介)(绍)(,扎)(什)(伦)(布)(寺)(不)(仅)(因)(为)(有)(五)(世)(至)(九)(世)(班)(禅)(的)(灵)(塔)(祀)(殿)(,还)(以)(十)(世)(班)(禅)(大)(师)(的)(金)(制)(灵)(塔)(祀)(殿)(和)(世)(界)(上)(最)(大)(的)(镀)(金)(强)(巴)(铜)(像)(等)(大)(量)(珍)(贵)(文)(物)(而)(闻)(名)(于)(世)(。走)(进)(这)(七)(十)(万)(平)(方)(米)(的)(寺)(院)(,院)(里)(有)(不)(少)(小)(僧)(人)(正)(在)(劳)(作)(,用)(一)(种)(对)(宗)(教)(的)(虔)(诚)(和)(敬)(畏)(,维)(护)(着)(这)(里)(的)(高)(洁)(与)(神)(圣)(。
  寺)(内)(最)(主)(要)(的)(殿)(堂)(有)(三)(座)(,也)(就)(是)(远)(处)(可)(见)(的)(三)(座)(金)(顶)(所)(在)(,它)(们)(分)(别)(是)(供)(奉)(世)(界)(最)(高)(强)(巴)(佛)(的)(强)(巴)(佛)(殿)(,五)(至)(九)(世)(班)(禅)(合)(葬)(灵)(塔)(殿)(,以)(及)(十)(世)(班)(禅)(大)(师)(的)(灵)(塔)(殿)(。
  扎)(什)(伦)(布)(寺)(最)(早)(的)(建)(筑)(措)(钦)(大)(殿)(,建)(于)(15世)(纪)(下)(半)(叶)(,历)(时)(12年)(完)(成)(。这)(里)(是)(班)(禅)(大)(师)(讲)(经)(和)(举)(行)(佛)(事)(活)(动)(的)(场)(所)(。在)(大)(殿)(北)(侧)(的)(释)(迦)(牟)(尼)(殿)(内)(主)(供)(释)(迦)(牟)(尼)(鎏)(金)(塑)(像)(,两)(旁)(为)(配)(殿)(弥)(勒)(佛)(殿)(和)(度)(母)(殿)(。与)(措)(钦)(大)(殿)(同)(时)(期)(限)(建)(造)(的)(讲)(经)(场)(,位)(于)(措)(钦)(大)(殿)(回)(廊)(外)(,面)(积)(600平)(方)(米)(,地)(面)(满)(铺)(石)(板)(,四)(周)(回)(廊)(绘)(有)(上)(千)(尊)(佛)(像)(,这)(是)(班)(禅)(大)(师)(或)(法)(台)(对)(全)(寺)(僧)(众)(讲)(经)(和)(僧)(人)(辩)(经)(的)(场)(所)(。
  巍)(峨)(高)(耸)(的)(弥)(勒)(佛)(殿)(矗)(立)(在)(寺)(的)(西)(面)(,是)(一)(座)(外)(墙)(陡)(立)(的)(五)(层)(藏)(式)(建)(筑)(,建)(于)(1914年)(九)(世)(班)(禅)(时)(期)(。殿)(高)(近)(30米)(,建)(筑)(面)(积)(近)(862平)(方)(米)(,殿)(室)(分)(为)(莲)(花)(宝)(座)(殿)(、腰)(部)(殿)(、胸)(部)(殿)(、面)(部)(殿)(和)(冠)(部)(殿)(五)(大)(层)(。殿)(内)(供)(有)(世)(界)(最)(大)(的)(镀)(金)(强)(巴)(铜)(坐)(佛)(像)((强)(巴)(佛)(又)(称)(弥)(勒)(佛)()。其)(莲)(花)(宝)(座)(高)(3.8米)(,佛)(像)(高)(22.4米)(,总)(高)(26.2米)(,面)(部)(约)(4.2米)(。耳)(长)(2.8米)(,手)(掌)(宽)(约)(1.6米)(,中)(指)(长)(约)(1.6米)(,中)(指)(粗)(周)(长)(1米)(,脚)(底)(长)(约)(4.2米)(,肩)(宽)(11.4米)(,佛)(像)(鼻)(孔)(可)(容)(一)(个)(成)(年)(人)(。佛)(像)(全)(身)(共)(用)(紫)(铜)(皮)(11.5万)(余)(公)(斤)(,黄)(金)(6700多)(两)(,眉)(间)(白)(毫)(用)(大)(金)(刚)(钻)(石)(30个)(,大)(珍)(珠)(300余)(颗)(及)(各)(种)(珊)(瑚)(、琥)(珀)(、松)(耳)(石)(等)(1400多)(。由)(110名)(工)(匠)(,花)(了)(两)(年)(多)(的)(时)(间)(才)(将)(佛)(像)(建)(成)(,成)(为)(世)(界)(上)(最)(大)(的)(镀)(金)(铜)(佛)(。
  扎)(什)(伦)(布)(寺)(现)(有)(三)(座)(历)(世)(班)(禅)(灵)(塔)(祀)(殿)(,每)(座)(灵)(塔)(均)(宏)(伟)(华)(丽)(,塔)(身)(金)(银)(皮)(包)(裹)(,镶)(嵌)(珠)(宝)(、玉)(器)(。另)(有)(一)(座)(一)(世)(达)(赖)(喇)(嘛)(灵)(塔)(殿)(,藏)(名)("童)(瓦)(屯)(旦)(拉)(康)(",建)(于)(1478年)(。灵)(塔)(用)(银)(皮)(包)(裹)(,高)(3.3米)(。殿)(内)(供)(奉)(的)(另)(一)(座)(灵)(塔)(是)(班)(钦)(隆)(日)(嘉)(的)(银)(质)(灵)(塔)(。殿)(内)(四)(壁)(绘)(有)(壁)(画)(,属)(扎)(什)(伦)(布)(寺)(早)(期)(的)(壁)(画)(之)(一)(。
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